Below are the knots that I have been taught and which I used all throughout the weekend:
- the Italian hitch (halve mastworp)
- the clove hitch (mastworp)
- the figure of eight
- the double figure of eight
- the friction hitch (prusik)
What's interesting is that I climb using the Dutch language, not the English language! This is because the knot names are different in English, so if I climb with Dutch people I have to make sure that everyone knows what I am talking about.
[Image Credits: Wikipedia Prusik, Wikipedia Italian Hitch, Wikipedia Clove Hitch, Wikipedia.org Figure Eight Knot, Chockstone]